Antonio Gramsci. 1971. "Intellectuals and Hegemony,"
excerpt from Selections from the Prison Notebooks (New York: International Publishers), pp. 263-265 in Lemert.
homo faber v homo sapiens
question of theory/practice relation
problem of role of intellectuals in society in a Marxist framework
what's the big deal if intellectuals are "functionaries" of the superstructure?
How does Gramsci divide the superstructure into two parts/levels?
Civil/private society vs. political society or the state, hegemony vs. direct domination
man-in-the-mass practical activity theoretical consciousness double (one bound in the activity and uniting him to fellow workers, one ideational (learned, passed down, etc.) that connects him with a social group — sets up tension that inhibits action — sense of self as "different" (djr: member of category or group?) — need to recognize this is always a matter of being a part of a "hegemonic force"
Historical development — important — image here is that it's a dynamic process
Group/category needs organization/intellectuals/theory of itself to become independent actor in society
So we need someone to do the thinking but lots of tricks along the way