Historical Epochs
Date Name Notes "Theorists" Mills Course
~10000 BCE - present Holocene Era Starts with end of last Ice Age Environmental Geology
2.5 million - 10000 BCE Paleolithic "Old Stone Age" Human Evolution
9,000-5,000 BCE Mesolithic Introduction of farming Human Evolution, Ancient Complex Societies
~5,000 BCE Neolithic Only homo sapiens Human Evolution,
Ancient Complex Societies
~3,000-1,000 BCE Bronze Age Human Evolution,
Ancient Complex Societies,
Archaeology and the Bible
~1200-700 BCE Iron Age Ends with onset of "historical" era Human Evolution, Ancient Complex Societies,
Archaeology and the Bible,
Ancient History
~700 BCE-400 CE Classical Antiquity Greece and Rome Plato, Aristotle Ancient Philosophy, Ancient History,
Political Philosophy
400 -1500 Middle Ages Fall of Rome, Crusades, Reformation, Feudalism The West & Its Cultural Traditions I,
Europe in the Middle Ages, Political Philosophy
1400-1600 Renaissance Education, art, science Machiavelli, More The West & Its Cultural Traditions I,
Political Philosophy
~1450-~1789 Early Modern Period End of Byzantine Empire (1453) to French Revolution (1789), or "Age of Discovery" to "Age of Revolutions"
Printing (1439)
Hobbes, Locke The West & Its Cultural Traditions I,
Early Modern Europe
1700s Enlightenment aka "Age of Reason" — reason and logic as main source of legitimacy, Ancien RĂ©gime Rousseau, Smith The West & Its Cultural Traditions II,
Political Philosophy
1700-present Modern Industrial Revolution, Capitalism, Marxism, Romanticism Comte, Marx, Spencer,
Durkheim, Weber, Simmel
The West & Its Cultural Traditions II,
Left and Right in Modern Europe,
Hegel, Marx, & Nietzsche,
Political Philosophy
late 20th century-present Post-Modernism Existentialism,
Fiction Since 1960
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